noun Geology a rare, blue-tinged, coarse-grained intrusive igneous rock sometimes containing diamonds, found in South Africa and Siberia.
C19: from Kimberley, a South African city and diamond-mining centre, + -ite1.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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  • Kimberlite — is a type of potassic volcanic rock best known for sometimes containing diamonds. It is named after the town of Kimberley in South Africa, where the discovery of an 83.5 carat diamond in 1871 spawned a diamond rush, eventually creating the Big… …   Wikipedia

  • Kimberlite — à gros cristaux d’olivine La kimberlite est une roche ultramafique (riche en magnésium), potassique et riche en éléments incompatibles, ainsi qu en volatils (H2O et CO2). Elle doit son nom à la ville de Kimberley en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kimberlite — [ kɛ̃bɛrlit ] n. f. • 1902; de Kimberley, n. d une ville sud africaine, probablt d apr. l angl. ♦ Minér. Roche éruptive dans laquelle on trouve le diamant. ● kimberlite nom féminin (de Kimberley, nom propre) Roche ultrabasique mise en place dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kimberlite — [kim′bər līt΄] n. [< KIMBERLEY + LITE] a kind of peridotite which sometimes contains diamonds …   English World dictionary

  • kimberlite — /kim beuhr luyt /, n. Petrol. a variety of micaceous peridotite, low in silica content and high in magnesium content, in which diamonds are formed. [1885 90; named after KIMBERLEY, South Africa; see ITE1] * * * or blue ground Dark, heavy, often… …   Universalium

  • kimberlite — kimberlitas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Ultrabazinė uoliena, kurios svarbiausi mineralai – divinas, piropas, ilmenitas, deimantas. atitikmenys: angl. kimberlite rus. кимберлит …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • kimberlite — noun Etymology: Kimberley, South Africa + 1 ite Date: 1887 an agglomerate biotite peridotite that occurs in pipes especially in southern Africa and that often contains diamonds …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • kimberlite — noun A variety of peridotite containing a high proportion of carbon dioxide; often contains diamonds …   Wiktionary

  • kimberlite — kim·ber·lì·te s.f. TS petr. roccia eruttiva della famiglia delle peridotiti, composta da olivina, pirosseni e anfiboli, che in Sud Africa costituisce la roccia madre contenente diamanti {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1957. ETIMO: der. di Kimberly, nome …   Dizionario italiano

  • kimberlite — pl.f. kimberliti …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

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